Pest control is the management or regulation of a species called a pest. A pest belongs to the animal kingdom that negatively affects human activities. Usually, human beings respond to pests according to the damage they cause. These reactions could vary from deterrence, tolerance, and management to efforts to eradicate the pest. Measures of pest control may be conducted as part of a comprehensive pest management approach.
When it comes to agriculture, pests are usually kept far by chemical, biological, and cultural means. Cultivation and ploughing of the soil then sowing minimizes the burden of pests including other means to eradicate pests and keep them as far as possible. This is made possible by monitoring the crop and ensuring that pesticides are applied when it is necessary. Moreover, farmers ensure that they keep pests away by planting crops and varieties that are pest resistant. Where possible, some biological mechanisms are used as well as encouraging the natural enemies to pest by introducing suitable parasites or predators. Moreover, there are other services offered to control pests like commercial pest control minneapolis mn.
There are so many pests when it comes to urban environments as well as homes. They include rodents, insects, birds, and organisms that stay with humans. These pests usually feed on possessions while spoiling them at the same time. There are several methods used to control these kinds of pests such as repulsion, chemical means, physical removal, and exclusion. There are also alternative methods when it comes to biological control that can be used such as sterilization programs.
Pest control has been around since the time agriculture was founded because there has always been the need to ensure crops stay free from pests. Back in the days, cats were used to keep rodents away from grains. The current methods of crop rotations and mixed cropping to control pests have a long history. The use of chemicals to control pests has been around for such a long time. The Colorado potato beetle that spread in the United States led to the modern pest control. This brought about the widespread insecticide use across the continent to control pests. With the coming up of mechanization and industrialization, chemical use as a means to control pests became widespread.
Pests Control Methods
Biological methods use other organisms to control pests. It focuses on parasitism, predation as well as herbivory. Biological method of pest control involves the active role of human management. It includes breeding organisms in the laboratory then later releasing them to where the pests are and killing them.
Cultural control involves crop rotation as well as mechanical pest control where mechanical involves hands-on techniques and other simple devices and equipment that offer a protective layer between insects and plants. Crop rotation helps in controlling pests by denying the pests their host plant. The method is conventional when it comes to corn rootworm control. Another method of controlling pests is through trap cropping. This involves planting crops that attract pests, directing them away from the main crops. Once pests collect at the trap plant, they can be easily controlled through the use of pesticides.